Urban Rural Classification 2011-12

Published by Scottish Government Spatial Data Infrastructure.   Licensed under “The dataset has complete coverage for Scotland, and is clipped to the High Water Mark coastline (OS BoundaryLine).” & “The following attribution statement must be used to acknowledge the source of the information: Copyright Scottish Government, contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right (insert year)”.
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★★★★★  Linked data - data URIs and linked to other data (e.g. RDF)
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★★★☆☆  Structured data in open format (e.g. CSV)
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Score updated: 19/10/2014

Provider: Scottish Government

Responsible Party: Scottish Government (publisher, pointOfContact, distributor)

Towns

The Scottish Government (SG) Urban/Rural Classification provides a consistent way of defining urban and rural areas across Scotland. The classification is based upon two main criteria: (i) population as defined by National Records of Scotland (NRS), and (ii) accessibility based on drive time analysis to differentiate between accessible and remote areas in Scotland. The classification is available in two forms, a 6-fold classification which distinguishes between urban, rural, and remote areas through six categories, and an 8-fold classification which further distinguishes between remote and very remote regions.

The population criteria is derived from the Settlements dataset produced by NRS, which defines areas of contiguous high population density postcodes that make up a Settlement. Using the population thresholds of 125,000, 10,000 and 3,000 people, Settlements can be grouped into the following categories:

(1) Large Urban Areas - population greater than 125,000 (2) Other Urban Areas - populations between 10,000 and 125,000 (3) Small Towns - populations between 3,000 and 10,000 (4) Rural Areas - populations less than 3,000

Accessibility is measured in terms of drive times to an urban area. This was done by calculating a 30 minute drive time from the population weighted centroid of Settlements with a population of 10,000 or more (i.e. Large and Other Urban Areas). For the 8-fold Urban/Rural Classification, an additional 60 minute drive time was also calculated. The drive time analysis was performed using specialist GIS software (ESRI ArcGIS, ProTerritory extension). Results of the analysis allowed for areas to be classified in terms of accessibility by the following categories:

(1) Accessible - Areas within a 30 minute drive time of a Settlement with a population of 10,000 or more. (2) Remote - Areas that are more than a 30 minute drive time (6-fold classification), or areas that have a drive time between 30 and 60 minutes (8-fold classification) from a Settlement with a population of 10,000 or more. (3) Very Remote - Areas that are more than a 60 minute drive time from a Settlement with a population of 10,000 or more (8-fold classification only).

Combining both the population and accessibility measures, a Scotland-wide Urban/Rural Classification is defined. The 6-fold classification distinguishes between urban, rural and remote areas by the following categories:

(1) Large Urban Areas - Settlements of over 125,000 people. (2) Other Urban Areas - Settlements of 10,000 to 125,000 people. (3) Accessible Small Towns - Settlements of between 3,000 and 10,000 people, and within a 30 minute drive time of a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (4) Remote Small Towns - Settlements of between 3,000 and 10,000 people, and with a drive time of over 30 minutes to a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (5) Accessible Rural Areas - Areas with a population of less than 3,000 people, and within a 30 minute drive time of a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (6) Remote Rural Areas - Areas with a population of less than 3,000 people, and with a drive time of over 30 minutes to a Settlement of 10,000 or more.

An 8-fold classification is also defined, which distinguishes between Remote and Very Remote areas by the addition of a 60 minute drive time threshold. The categories for the 8-fold classification are as follows:

(1) Large Urban Areas - Settlements of over 125,000 people. (2) Other Urban Areas - Settlements of 10,000 to 125,000 people. (3) Accessible Small Towns - Settlements of between 3,000 and 10,000 people, and within a 30 minute drive time of a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (4) Remote Small Towns - Settlements of between 3,000 and 10,000 people, and with a drive time between 30 and 60 minutes to a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (5) Very Remote Small Towns - Settlements of between 3,000 and 10,000 people, and with a drive time of over 60 minutes to a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (6) Accessible Rural Areas - Areas with a population of less than 3,000 people, and within a drive time of 30 minutes to a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (7) Remote Rural Areas - Areas with a population of less than 3,000 people, and with a drive time of between 30 and 60 minutes to a Settlement of 10,000 or more. (8) Very Remote Rural Areas - Areas with a population of less than 3,000 people, and with a drive time of over 60 minutes to a Settlement of 10,000 or more.

The Scottish Government Urban/Rural Classification is normally updated on a biennial basis, with the boundaries represented in this particular dataset reflective of the years 2011 to 2012.

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Dataset Extent

Latitude: 60.8661° to 54.5133°
Longitude: -9.2298° to -0.7053°

Data Resources (2)

Scottish Government Land Use Download Service (ATOM Feed)

Additional Links (2)

XML
Source GEMINI2 record
HTML
Source GEMINI2 record (formatted)

Additional Information

Added to data.gov.uk 20/06/2011
Temporal coverage 2011 - 2012
Harvest URL http://scotgovsdi.edina.ac.uk/srv/en/csw?
Harvest Date 28/03/2014 17:40
Harvest GUID b3578b86-4c92-4b2a-ba14-b78e8bb2ea9e
Extent Latitude: 60.866111° to 54.513372°
Longitude: -9.229868° to -0.705303°
Spatial reference system OSGB 1936 / British National Grid (EPSG:27700)
Metadata date 28/3/2014
Dataset reference date 28/8/2012 (creation), 28/8/2012 (publication)
Frequency of update notPlanned
Responsible party Scottish Government (publisher, pointOfContact, distributor)
Access constraints Available under the Ordnance Survey (OS) Open Data Licence (www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/opendata/licence)
Metadata language English
Gemini2 resource type dataset
Date added computed No value
Date updated computed No value
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